Aug. 30th, 1899:
The Standard Barrel:
To the Editor of the REGISTER: -
Can you inform your readers if the legislation passed at the recent session of Parliament at Ottawa, and given in your issue of last week, refers to the size of the apple barrel only, or is it intended to apply to barrels for potatoes, etc., as well? Two kinds of barrels are described: - (1,) A Cylindrical veneer barrel having an inside diameter of 18 1/3 inches and 27 inches from head to head inside measure. (2) A barrel having 27 inches between the heads, inside measure, and a head diameter of 17 inches and a middle diameter of 19 inches. Are these two barrels of the same capacity, dry measure, and how many quarts of grain will each of them hold?
The law passed by the State of New York on the subject of a standard barrel is intelligent and simple. It is as follows: - "A barrel of pears, quinces or potatoes, shall represent a quantity equal to 100 quarts of grain, or dry measure. A barrel of apples shall be of the following dimensions. Head diameter 17 1/8 in., length of stave 28 1/2 in., bulge not less than 64 inches outside measurement. Every person buying or selling apples, pears quinces or potatoes in this state by the barrel shall be understood as referring to the quantity or size of the barrel specified in this section, but when potatoes are sold by weight the quantity constituting a barrel shall be 174 lbs."
Under the Act the new Canadian apple barrel comes into operation on 1st of July next. If it is to be adopted as the standard barrel for the Dominion, has the quantity or number of pounds of potatoes it will hold been specified?
This is a very important question to the farmers of Kings, who raise such large quantities of potatoes for export and there should be no ambiguity on the subject.
I am &c,
In answer to the questions of our correspondent we would say, first, that the bill as introduced specifies the apple barrel only. Second, The cylinder and the cask-shaped barrels described are as nearly as possible of the same content and that content, if our calculations are not astray, is very nearly 103 quarts, Imperial or dry measure. Should the United States adopt a standard barrel of 100 quarts content, our farmers will, if the above is made the standard barrel for Canada be handicapped to the extent of about three per cent in competing with them.
- Editor REGISTER.