July 23rd 1930


Promoters Endeavoring to Secure Option On Five Acres of Land For Establishment of $100,000 Plant.

Negotiations are under way for the establishment in Berwick of one of the largest apple by-product industries in the Dominion and possibly the only one of its kind on the American continent.

The promoters, who are endeavoring to secure an option for five acres of land adjoining the railway at the extreme eastern boundary of the town, with right-of-way privileges for a roadway leading from the plant northwardly to Main Street, are prepared to invest upwards of $100,000 in the establishment of an apple beverage plant, which would provide a market for approximately 100,000 barrels of apples per year, giving employment to from 20 to 25 men the year around, and consuming an average daily capacity of from 20 to 30 h.p. of electrical energy.

At a largely attended and representative meeting of the citizens of Berwick, held in Community Hall, last Wednesday evening, presided over by Mr. S. B. Chute, Councillor F. A. Parker and Mr. P. L. Morse explained the nature of the industry and its operations.

Mr. Parker, who with Mr. S. B. Chute, had met and discussed the project with the head of the proposed the project with the head of the proposed Company, an American citizen, who in company with Professor Cumming, Director of Marketing, was in Berwick a few weeks ago, stated that the product of the plant would be for beverage purposes only, varying from sweet cider to a high-grade of champagne. The latter product would be for export only, to be stored in a bonded warehouse adjacent to the plant, which would be under the strict supervision of a federal government officer. A permit for the manufacture of this product had already been obtained from the federal and provincial governments.

The plant, as Mr. Parker had been given to understand, would be in the market for the purchase of any quantity of small apples, which of course would require to be sound.

The plant, if established, would be the central concentrating plant for two smaller branches to be located at strategic points east and west, where the products of such would be brought here to be processed.

The purpose of the meeting on Wednesday evening was to place the proposition before the citizens of the town with a view to obtaining their endorsation or rejection of same. The meeting placed itself on record as unanimously approving the establishment of such an industry in Berwick.

As a legitimate business proposition, the establishment of such an industry was looked upon not only as a great boon to the town but particularly to orchardists who would have an opportunity of disposing of their cull apples at remunerative prices.

Fruit Growers Endorse New Grading Regulations

Forward Step Taken To Improve Nova Scotia Apple Crop

What is believed to be the most advanced step in a practical way towards improving the Nova Scotia apple pack was taken by a large and representative gathering of the Annapolis Valley Fruit Growers and Shippers at Kentville on Friday last, when the proposed new grading regulations of the Federal Department of Agriculture were unanimously endorsed. These regulations provide for only two grades of apples, number ones and domestics, where four previously existed and the trash of the number three fruit is abolished from the export and home market.

The Dominion fruit branch have been preparing for some time for a change in the present system of packing apples, because of the recommendations made to them last January by the Nova Scotia Fruit Growers Association at their annual convention and also because of similar requests from the barrel apple producing districts of Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick. They provide for apples packed in barrels, hampers and baskets. To make sure that there was an unanimity of opinion on the matter, and also that the new regulations would meet with the unqualified approval of the growers and shippers before they are definitely put into effect, W. B. Gornell, chief of the markets extension division of the fruit branch, made a flying trip from Ottawa to Kentville for the conference, which was presided over by Capt. Geo. Boggs, President of the N.S.F.G.A.

Col. C. A. Good, Middleton, was secretary of the meeting and experts present besides Mr. Gornell, included Dr. W. S. Blair, Kentville, and Prof. W. A. Middleton, provincial horticulturist, Truro.

After a clear cut explanation by Mr. Gornell of all phases of the proposed regulations and an open discussion, the shippers endorsed the suggested changes which in brief are as follows: The proposed method of grading permits only number one and domestic grades to be packed.

It calls for a reduction in the minimum sizes and a definite spread of size in the barrel, but standard of quality will be maintained. The No. 2 grade will be automatically eliminated by the fruit being absorbed in No. I and domestic grades. Fruit heretofore packed as No. 3's on account of size but possessing No. 1 or domestic quality will be absorbed in respective grades. Apples of still lower quality, or in other words, the trash of the No. 3 pack will not be packed for the markets and the grade thereby will be eliminated.

The new system it is expected will go into effect early in August in the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario, and announcement covering the regulations in full is to be made within a short time from Ottawa.

The preliminary announcement by the Fruit Branch, which may, however, be altered in some small degree, stated as follows:

When the minimum size is under 2 1/2 inches in diameter, the range in size in any one package shall not exceed 1/4 inch and an indication of the minimum diameters shall be included with the other marks required on the package. When the minimum size is not less than 2 1/2 inches there will be no restrictions with respect to the maximum and the package shall be marked 2 1/2 inches up or 2 1/4 inches up as the case may be, but a range of 1/2 inch to 1 1/2 inches may be used if desired and the package marked with the minimum and maximum diameters.

Apple shippers, following the meeting, were unanimous in their opinion that the new regulations will have an important effect on the sale of Nova Scotian fruit during the next season. The number three grade pack has according to witness after witness who testified before the Royal Commission inqui9ring into the Nova Scotia apple industry, given Nova Scotia fruit a black eye in many of the important overseas markets as well as in the domestic markets. The good No. 3 fruit will not be lost to the grower as, though high in quality it did not according to the old regulations qualify for a higher grade because of size. Under the new system it does. The number two apple which was in fact just as good in every respect as the No. 1, except being slightly smaller in size, will under the new regulations, undoubtedly bring a much better price. This is highly important, as it will affect every apple grower in the province.

Somerset Stave Mill To Use Electricity:

M. D. Sawlor of Somerset, has recently completed construction of a 25 x 30 ft. extension to his stave mill and barrel manufacturing plant, which will be used for the housing of a 25 h.p. electric motor and other up-to-date equipment.

The change from a steam-driven plant to electricity will make this one of the most modern plants of its kind in the Province. Twenty-two men are already employed in the various departments of the mill, and it is Mr. Sawlor's intention in the near future to still further extend operations to include a box manufacturing plant, to supply the increasing demand for this container among the fruit growers.

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